Spring is a point of exit at which groundwater from an aquifer flows out on top of the Earth's crust and becomes surface water. It is a component of the hydrosphere. Springs have long been important for humans as a source of freshwater
In the Democratic Republic of Congo Territory of Aru, there are numerous Springs water points that communities depend on as the only source of clean water. Yet there are numerous challenges. Therefore Feat Africa is providing a solution to;
1. Reduce water collection time: Our observation is that women spend much time scoping water to fill their 20-liter jerrycans. Two women fought before us during a visit to one of the sources because each person wanted to be the first to collect water. The other said; my food is burning on fire, one said I came first.
2. Improve water quality: Natural springs are an important source of water for people and animals. However, they often emerge in a muddy pool, meaning that the water is of poor quality and it is not easy to collect it in a large container. Major water sources are susceptible to contamination with animal and human waste. By building a concrete box and installing GI pipes that help women get water, protect contamination of the water by both animal and human waste.
3. Increase water supply: In some villages, people walk far to streams and springs. In areas where there are high yield springs and the distance is longer, Feat Africa will be able to protect and tape the water to multiple households or communities to reduce the distances traveling to the sources. This is determined by the available gravitational pressure from the landscape.
The improvement for villagers collecting their water is enormous. Before spring is protected, villagers usually have had to cope with muddy holes with steep slippery banks, where filling of containers is extremely difficult. You can imagine the difficulties of lifting and the risk of slipping with a 20-liter container of water out of such a location! With spring protections; villagers can now walk on concrete steps, place their container under the discharge pipe and then walk out with their load safely.